We could say that the Emerald is the most important and appreciated mineral of the wide and varied family of beryl.
Beryl in its pure state is transparent and colorless. Its characteristic green color comes from impurities caused by metals such as chromium and to a lesser extent vanadium, although it is also made up of other metals such as iron, lithium and magnesium. Depending on the mixture or proportion of these metals comes their color. For example, in beryl with a higher amount of magnesium, emeralds with pink or reddish tones can result. The iron in beryl takes us to more bluish tones, in greater quantity it becomes Aquamarine, another great representative of this family of gems.
This rich tonal variety of greens makes jewelry designers appreciate this gem in a special way.
Some historical brushes of the emerald
In the Egyptian culture, it is known through the burials found, high quality jewels set with emeralds. The pharaohs and the high nobility, esteemed the emerald not only for its well-known beauty but also, they praised it for its loving powers.
In Pre-Columbian cultures such as the Inca, emeralds were set in beautiful gold mounts. Pendants and rings among other jewels wore the nobility of the Empire.
Emerald producing countries
Colombian Emeralds are the best known and appreciated worldwide for their high quality. This does not mean that all emeralds of Colombian origin are of high quality. In countries like Brazil and Zambia, they have an important production of high quality Emeralds. Countries such as Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Madagascar and Nigeria must also be taken into account.
Inclusions in emeralds
Another important issue in the world of emeralds is inclusions. The inclusions are small fissures known by the name of “garden”. These ramifications within emeralds occur in the gem formation process itself, they can be simple cracks or small air particles.
These inclusions make the carving of the emerald difficult and it is a work carried out by lapidary masters. These inclusions are filled with oil to hide them. This practice is not fraudulent, although it is not used in large quality emeralds. In most cases these small cracks are not visible to the naked eye. They have to be expert eyes and with the use of increases so that they can be appreciated.