History of Jewelry: The Jewel in the Middle East

This week we will continue with The History of Jewelry, specifically we will briefly review The Jewel in the Middle East.

The Jewel in the Middle East includes the different civilizations or cultures, settled in the area also known as the Middle East. Sumeria, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Persia, and Phenicia.

In Mesopotamia and Assyria, gold was worked and stood out for the granulation technique, which consisted of decorating the pieces with small solid spheres of gold. The filigree technique was also skillfully handled.

A large number of pieces of gold, silver and precious stones have been discovered in the Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian tombs in the form of zoomorphic diadems, necklaces, earrings and amulets..

According to Duval, (1981) [1] | New revelation with the treasure of Ur, which we discovered in 1965 in the Peshagonic Palace of Marí. Hidden in a clay jug, it has been waiting to be discovered for more than four millennia. It was surely concealed on the occasion of an imminent danger that would put the fate of the city at stake. The word “treasure” is not excessive, in our opinion, to characterize what was hidden: a magnificent leontocephalic eagle of lapis lazuli and gold; a naked goddess, made of copper and gold; a nude ivory woman; jewels, of gold pearls, lapis lazuli and coral. All this had been sent to the King of Marí, Gansud, by Mesanmipadola, sovereign of the First Dynasty of Ur, a gift that has miraculously reached us.”

The metals used by these artisans were mainly gold and, to a lesser extent, silver and copper. The techniques that they worked to make their jewels were granulation, filigree, inlaying gems and coating of enamels.

We can say that in Phoenician art there is an Egyptian influence and in Persian art a Mesopotamian influence, which we can deduce that at that time there was some type of contact or trade in Jewels directly between the different civilizations of the Middle East regions.

Leave a Comment